Website-Suche

Installieren Sie Apache Webserver in CentOS 6.3


Szenario

Webserver-Details:

Operating System  :  CentOS 6.3 32bit server
Hostname          :  web.ostechnix.com
IP Address        :  192.168.1.250

Kundendaten:

Operating System  :  CentOS 6.3 32bit Desktop
Hostname          :  client.ostechnix.com
IP Address        :  192.168.1.251

Serverseitige Konfiguration

Voraussetzungen:

1. Legen Sie den Hostnamen des Webservers fest

[root@web ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network
NETWORKING=yes
HOSTNAME=web.ostechnix.com

2. Fügen Sie den Webserver-Hostnamen in die Datei 'etc/hosts' ein

[root@web ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.250   web.ostechnix.com
192.168.1.250   ostechnix.com

3. Installieren Sie Apache

[root@web ~]# rpm -qa | grep httpd
[root@web ~]# yum list installed | grep httpd
[root@web ~]# yum install httpd* -y

4. Konfigurieren Sie Apache

[root@web ~]# vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 
## line no 262 - Set the server admin mail id which is used to receive mail generated by apache ##
ServerAdmin root@ostechnix.com
## line no 276 - Set the website name ##
ServerName ostechnix.com:80
## line no 292 - Set the web pages folder ##
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
## line no 402 - Sent the index or home page of the website ##
DirectoryIndex ostechnix.html

5. Erstellen Sie einen Beispielindex oder eine Homepage

[root@web ~]# vi /var/www/html/ostechnix.html 
<html>
<body bgcolor=blue>
        <h1> Welcome to OSTECHNIX Website </h1> 
</body>
</html>

6. Lassen Sie den Webserver durch die Firewall gelangen

[root@web ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
Firewall configuration written by system-config-firewall
Manual customization of this file is not recommended.
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT
[root@web ~]# service iptables restart
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules:                               [  OK  ]
iptables: Applying firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]

7. Starten Sie den Apache-Webserver

[root@web ~]# service httpd start
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
[root@web ~]# chkconfig httpd on

Clientseitige Konfiguration

1. Fügen Sie die IP-Adresse und den Hostnamen des Webservers und des Clients in die Datei '/etc/hosts' ein

[root@client ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.251   client.ostechnix.com
192.168.1.250   ostechnix.com

2. Überprüfen Sie den Apache-Webserver